Home Rule Globally
Features that would Enhance a Federalist Global Government
Eight essays describing pre-requisites
for a stable, democratic world government
1. Servant Leadership and World Federalism
"Servant leadership" is an altruistic management style found in organizations characterized by harmony and egalitarianism. In private business this approach has proven very effective, enhancing profits more consistently than the dominating style of management. In contemplating world federation, Ewbank maintains that success in enhancing happiness for all humanity will depend upon institutionalizing a system to find and install servant leaders and managers to run the supra-national government of the future.
2. Appealing to the Self Interest of Nations
The principle of "subsidiarity" -- enshrined in the European Union constitution, which states that an issue of public concern ought to be handled by the smallest, lowest, or least centralized authority capable of addressing the issue effectively - - has been able to "defang" fears of centralized dominance and persuade the age-old rivals in Europe to form a federal union. If that same principle were built into a world federal constitutional proposal, affirming the sovereignty and integrity of every entity in the worldwide hierarchy of national, state and local governments, it should correspondingly enhance that proposal's appeal and long term stability if adopted.
3. Defanging the UN
Fear of a centralized world power explains the scorn often heaped on the UN by national jingoists. Ewbank analyzes this fear into 3 categories: military, monetary, and ideological, and suggests a three prong approach to "defanging" them. 1) a global program for peaceful mediation of international disputes, deprecating the use of military force; 2) regulated and insured private bank-notes &/or currencies to eliminate inflation and national currency instability; and 3) selection of world government officials based on their qualities as servant leaders rather than having them appointed by politicians.
4. Minimizing War
Wars are generally launched because of some expert's optimism that a "quick and easy victory" is attainable. Ewbank argues that such foolish optimism would be unlikely if aspects of national rivalries that might lead to wars were deliberately kept in equilibrium. He suggests that by strategic effort a global government could orchestrate a "balance of power" between rival nations, and he considers this "doing away with occasions for violence" to be a secular message of Quakerism, offering a practical route to world peace.
5. World Restitution Court.
The prospect of having to pay restitution would deter governments engaged in warfare or other coercive activities from carelessly or deliberately committing "collateral damage" against innocent and uninvolved civilians.
6. Governmental Functions Distributed According to the Principle of Subsidiarity
Ewbank advances the idea that each level of government should have the right to monitor, regulate, tax, and also collect public data appropriate to its own circumstances: thus, localities would govern real property and other strictly local transactions and services; provinces would govern regional commerce and concerns; nations, inter-provincial matters; and global government would have responsibility for international trade, travel, and other activities that span national boundaries. While this might require businesses to keep accounting records by local, provincial, national and international transactions, it would give governments at every level well-defined spheres of regulatory and taxation authority.
7. Achieving Justice and Sustainability with Decentralized World Federalism
Conflicting objectives are addressed in this essay: 1) avoiding the injustices and inefficiencies of globally centralized power and remote bureaucracies, and 2) avoiding characteristic human rights, ethical and "level playing field" problems &/or corrupt practices experienced by individuals visiting or doing business in foreign jurisdictions [such as: religious, gender or ethnic discrimination; political and bureaucratic corruption; excessively punitive punishment for criminal acts; legal structures encouraging regulatory arbitrage; tax haven incentives/bribes offered to foreign individuals; tax breaks and sub-standard labor conditions to attract foreign business; and oppression of journalists or critics]. To achieve global justice and sustainability Ewbank suggests any prospective world federal administration would need to monitor and react quickly to complaints or reports of non-compliance with principles set forth in the global constitution, and should assess financial penalties against officials or private individuals responsible for such violations while extracting appropriate restitution for damages from the organizations they serve.
8. Campaign Financing and Democratic Elections
Ewbank suggests a method of campaign financing that would facilitate the election of representatives motivated to look out after the interests of all constituents, and not just the ones with deep pockets. A proportion of any political contribution up to a modest limit would be applied as a credit toward whatever income taxes are assessed on the contributor by the government responsible for the office the candidate is seeking. Treating the contribution as a tax-credit (rather than as a deduction, which would favor contributors in high brackets) should stimulate contributions from all taxpayers, reducing the role of wealthy donors and assuring more funding from ordinary citizens. This proposal would apply to world government itself, and could apply equally well to any subsidiary government imposing an income tax.
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