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      Abstract of -
A World Restitution Court

The idea of a World Restitution Court is to "hold harmless" -- as much as can be by monetary compensation -- the victims of violence from international warfare or from hostilities such as terrorism carried out by groups whose actors or sponsors operate across national boundaries. This court would impose upon those using military weapons or other destructive devices the unambiguous obligation to pay full damages without regard to how much care might have been exercised to minimize such damages. If the victim is not an opposing combatant the liability is absolute – without any need for evidence of negligence.

If implemented, this concept would place a potentially heavy financial burden on the sponsors of military or terroristic violence, and might serve to somewhat deter such activity. The more significant and likely consequence would be to financially offset the devastation caused, and enable the surviving victims to rebuild their lives. Ewbank sketches out various details to assure fair and smooth operation of this Court, including procedures for selecting a panel of judges to hear a case.

Experience with the International Criminal Court, which applies only to nations agreeing to it by treaty, indicates that a World Restitution Court established under the treaty system would be relatively ineffective. For example, while US military ventures are a major cause of international violence and mayhem, we do not subscribe to the ICC and whatever crimes against humanity our soldiers or the bureaucrats and politicians who direct them may have done, none of them have been prosecuted at the ICC. More realistically, the concept of a World Restitution Court is another feature for implementation under a Supra National Federation. It would set the world on a path to peace, while providing justice for the surviving victims of whatever international violence might none-the-less occur.