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      Abstract of -
Minimizing Violence

We can minimize group violence and war if we recognize that "balance of power" has historically been the key factor in "minimizing" military aggression. Supporting appropriate equilibriums when tensions arise between governments will be a necessary job for any prospective global government. Ewbank argues that wars are generally launched because of some expert's opinion that a "quick and easy victory" is attainable. Thus, any prolonged war evidences blunders in starting the war.

Aggression is a constant factor in human relations, and group violence (war) is not the only way to express it. For example during the cold war, while the military situation was stalemated by mutually assured destruction, the US put effort into attacking the ruble and the economic solvency of the USSR, a strategy that was ultimately successful. Similar tactics were deployed to bring down South Africa's apartheid government, and currently are being used to apply pressure on Iran.

The policy of a global government in a decentralized context should be to promote equilibrium in all forms of competition between governments, and thereby keep such competition below any crisis threshold. Ewbank considered this "doing away with the occasions for violence" to be a secular message of Quakerism, offering a practical route to world peace.