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      Abstract of -
Achieving Justice and Sustainability.

In this essay John Ewbank expresses his personal political and social philosophy: a blending of political libertarianism with social responsibility, guided by Quaker simplicity. His vision of world federation starts with the principle of subsidiarity. In this view administrative authority is diced-up among all governments in a great global, national, provincial, and local hierarchy where each jurisdiction's authority is limited to functions that could not adequately be performed at lesser jurisdictional levels. Thus, the global government only deals with global problems, while monitoring and actively encouraging governments at every level to support peace, justice, sustainability and human rights.

For example, the global authority would encourage all governments to have reliable procedures for assuring a periodic and democratic change of administration, thus affording dissidents everywhere the hope of being peacefully elected. Equally fair ways of doing it could be by lottery, or some 3rd party managed selection procedure. Given fair and peaceful changes of leadership, violent rebellion at any level of the hierarchy would violate the sovereignty of the electorate. Ewbank suggests such violent violations should be treated the same way as international warfare. While military action by the global government might be needed to deter this kind of violence, the widespread experience of peaceful administrative transition should eventually eliminate any motivation for rebellion.

Ewbank also takes up various other problems that might occur in national, regional or local jurisdictions that could pose challenges to a newly formed world federation, such as: limiting unduly harsh or inhumane punishments of criminals or dissidents; providing free emigration zones for exiles or displaced persons; and fair restitution to victims of crime or involuntary displacement. The global administration might also want to discourage localized "big government," which it could do by establishing guidelines for public budgets. Similar recommendations could discourage non-essential police & "security" functions; and encourage fair methods of taxation. For example, global policy would favor estate taxes, inheritance taxes, and other surtaxes to prevent the "rich from getting richer." Without such taxes concentration of wealth has proven to be an inevitable feature of free market capitalism.

Free markets themselves are susceptible to oligopoly or monopolization, and so a vital feature of global government would be to regulate international markets, trade, and financial transactions, while also recommending guidelines for every jurisdictional level to assure long term continuity of a diverse non-oligopolistic free market economy.

To sustain personal and market freedom over the long haul also implies sustainable demographics. The best way to assure population stability is to encourage the education and emancipation of women everywhere -- a policy that has already been proven not only in Europe and North America, but even more convincingly in Japan and Iran.