Home Rule Globally
Abstract of -
A Global Parliament
The point of departure for this essay is UN's inability to consistently represent the interests of the people of this planet because its delegates are diplomats busy representing the interests of their national rulers. The theoretical exercise here is to imagine a constitution defining a global parliament that will directly represent individual voters around the world; while also being structured to give appropriate voice to national jurisdictions and other important stake-holding constituencies as well.
Ewbank suggests that a reasonable approach would be to have a multi-chambered parliament. Like the US congress with its House and Senate and their committees and subcommittees, this parliament might be a hierarchy of chambers and sub-chambers. Beyond suggesting the likely need for some system of weighted voting, he does not try to anticipate prospective rules for these chambers, nor how the multiple chambers would interact, but instead focuses on what specific constituencies should be represented in order to assure initial acceptance (ratification) of the global institution, as well as pragmatic long term attention to the best interests of the human race.
First of all, Ewbank suggests a general chamber for everyone on the planet who qualifies as a "responsible adult". Then, contemplating additional chambers to represent specific constituencies, clearly a "chamber of nations" would be necessary for ratification. However, to avoid what happened to the UN, and to maximize delegate independence, Ewbank suggests each national delegate might serve a single term for an explicit number of years, such as ten. Other "constituency" chambers might represent persons with economic clout, or scientific expertise; or persons in certain age brackets such as youth, or the elderly…etc. In addition to selecting delegates by direct election, other methods are considered such as selection by highly qualified experts, or random selection by lottery.